Medical Ministry International's Partnership in El Salvador

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About El Salvador

COUNTRY BACKGROUND

El Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America at almost 6.4 million people. It's known for its Pacific Ocean beaches, surf spots and mountainous landscape. Its Ruta de Las Flores is a winding route past coffee farms, rainforests with waterfalls and towns like Juayúa, with its weekend food festival, plus Ataco, home to vivid murals. The capital, San Salvador, with a dramatic backdrop of volcanoes, has numerous museums and the National Theater. El Salvador has a long history of destructive earthquakes, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. The public education system in El Salvador is severely lacking in resources, and many do not have adequate access to health care.

LOCATION:

Western Central America

GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES:

13.7942° N, 88.8965° W

CLIMATE:

El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change.

TOTAL aREA:

21,041 km2 (8,124 sq mi)

BORDER COUNTRIES:

El Salvador is bordered by the Pacific ocean in south, Guatemala in west and Honduras in north and it shares maritime borders with Nicaragua.

COASTLINE:

307 km

TERRAIN:

Its terrain is mostly mountainous with a narrow coastal belt and central plateau.

ELEVATION EXTREMES

LOWEST POINT:

Pacific Ocean: 0 m

HIGHEST POINT:

Cerro El Pital: 2,730 m

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